By Brit2866So I'm wanting to move to Australia, permanently. I plan to get a two yearly working holiday visa, and then after this - what are my options?
I'm an exotic dancer so I really don't have a career path. While in Australia I'd like to do some beauty courses. Ultimately I'd like to set up my own business which is very doable, weather it's mobile, in home or small store.
Is there a visa for me to start a small business and stay in Australia after the two year working holiday visa? Or what are my options, if any, to permanently move and live in Australia?
By The Pom QueenSydney and Melbourne housing affordability woes: Is it time to move to Adelaide?
"Housing out of reach", "The death of the Australian dream" — if you're a young adult living in Sydney or Melbourne such headlines might be enough to make you give up trying to own your own home.
Young adults moving to Adelaide to buy housing Adelaide praised internationally as it transforms Job opportunities still the biggest challenge outside Melbourne and Sydney
House prices in Adelaide, however, remain affordable and with international travel guide Lonely Planet laying praise on the city in recent years, along with economists, perhaps it is time for a closer look at the festival city.
Cameron Kusher, CoreLogic's head of research in Australia, said Adelaide's median house price was $455,000 at the end of February.
Sydney by comparison was $895,000 and Melbourne $680,000.
"We're talking Sydney prices almost double what they are in Adelaide, but you certainly don't get double the wage for the same level of job in Sydney," Mr Kusher said.
In fact, to service an 80 per cent loan in Sydney, it would cost a homeowner 44.5 per cent of their annual median income, compared to 37.9 per cent in Melbourne and 33 per cent in Adelaide.
Just saving a 20 per cent deposit in Sydney will cost somebody 168 per cent of their median annual earnings. In Melbourne it will cost 143 per cent but in Adelaide it is a relatively smaller 125 per cent.
"It's much harder to get into the market in Sydney, and it's a similar story in Melbourne," Mr Kusher said.
"And once you're in the market, you've got to dedicate a lot more of your income to paying off the mortgage."
PHOTO: SA was endorsed by the Lonely Planet guide as one of the top five regions in the world to visit in 2017. (Facebook: South Australia)
Is it time to move to Adelaide?
The housing figures make an isolated argument for an interstate move, but mention Adelaide to any parochial Sydneysider or Melbournian and it is more often than not met with scoffing, invariably by those who have never travelled there.
"The big brother or big sister will always knock the little one into place," Melbourne-based Lawrence Mooney said, an Adelaide fan who visits regularly.
"People need to feel superior in some way or another. That's why Adelaide's picked out.
They might call Adelaide a sleepy town with a disproportionate appetite for weird, headline-grabbing murders; an ageing place full of baby boomers who block innovation and refuse to retire; or a town full of hardcore football fans who harbour a chip on their shoulder for losing the grand prix to Melbourne.
Such descriptions are correct, of course, but unbeknown to Sydneysiders equipped with blinkers, or Melbournians reciprocating an unassailable football rivalry, Adelaide has transformed significantly over the past seven years:
A rivitalised CBD is bursting with small bars and start-up businesses The famed February/March Fringe Festival has exploded into the second largest of its kind in the world A revamped Adelaide Oval is bringing tens of thousands into the CBD all year around After years of letting it languish, the State Government is finally investing in public transport and reinstalling a city tram network The transformation has not gone unnoticed overseas.
Lonely Planet recently listed South Australia fifth on it Best of Travel 2017 list, citing its wine regions and beaches as drawcards, just three years after it endorsed Adelaide as one of the top 10 cities in the world to visit in 2014.
And in 2016, the Economist Intelligent Unit listed Adelaide as the fifth most liveable city out of 140 cities surveyed worldwide.
Melbourne was listed as number one; Sydney dropped four places to move out of the top 10 altogether.
PHOTO: Adelaide's east and west are separated by the busy Rundle Mall shopping strip. (ABC News: Nicola Gage)
Young adults making the move
Rita Horanyi, 34, moved to Adelaide from Melbourne in 2010 to do postgraduate study and now lives there.
"It's true that Adelaide didn't have a great reputation when I first moved, and back then it was understandable why that was the case," she said.
"In the last five years the city has improved significantly. Adelaide's bad reputation lingers, but friends of mine from interstate who visit for festivals and so on do notice the changes and are pleasantly surprised."
Warner Music media manager Bret Woods, 35, moved back to Adelaide about four years ago after spending his adult life in Sydney.
"Working in the music industry, I'm seeing there's more than enough stuff going on," he said.
"To me, it almost feels like when Sydney had that small bar scene five or six years ago. Adelaide's in the same situation."
Having recently bought a house in Adelaide, Mr Woods simply laughed at the idea of buying a house in Sydney.
He added that perceptions of Adelaide interstate were starting to change, with several friends from the UK and Sydney having recently visited for the Fringe Festival and the Clipsal 500 car racing carnival.
"And obviously our wine regions are pretty highly regarded, and at least do their bit to hold up SA to the rest of SA [outside the festival months]."
PHOTO: Wineries, such as Bird in Hand, draw crowds to Adelaide's wine regions with events all year around. (Supplied: Bird in Hand/Felix Forest)
News Limited journalist Stan Denham moved to Adelaide from Sydney five years ago.
"The kind of lifestyle you can have in Adelaide is not attainable in Sydney, unless you are earning megabucks," he said.
"I was up there last weekend and was struck again by the beauty of the city, but then very few Sydneysiders get to really enjoy that.
"Most of my time was spent working and commuting."
Dubai-born surgeon Annika Mascarenhas, 27, moved to Adelaide from Perth in 2013, having visited the year before.
"I've been here while things have started to boom," she said.
"I think the misconception exists that Adelaide's a sleepy city. It exists in Perth as well.
"The Oval opened, the Fringe got a bit bigger, more wineries are advertising good weekends ... there's plenty to do."
Adelaide's biggest challenge is jobs
Before Adelaide can expect a major influx of young adults chasing the homeowner's dream, however, it does lack in one area that Sydney and Melbourne has in spades — job opportunities.
Most of those jobs have been in the services sector, financial services and the health care sector.
"But unfortunately for the rest of the country, the jobs growth story hasn't been as strong," Mr Kusher said.
Until recently, South Australia suffered the highest unemployment rate in the country, due largely to a downturn in mining and the decline of large-scale manufacturing. Start-up businesses and small bars are unlikely to produce the same levels of employment, but the State Government has been working hard to transition the city's employment base.
This includes securing major, long-term defence contracts, spending big bucks on a medical research hub, and courting emerging industries such as self-driving cars.
But Melbourne and Sydney also benefit from being the headquarters for the big end of town in businesses, multinational companies, banks and financial institutions.
"It would be hard to move them away from those cities for somewhere like Adelaide or Brisbane or Hobart," Mr Kusher said.
"Those cities need to look at ways to attract different types of business or to find ways to attract big businesses to move part of their functions to other parts of the country."
Mr Kusher added, however, that as more and more businesses started to allow their employees to work remotely, there could be a shift of workers moving to places where the housing is more affordable, "in markets like Adelaide".