Visas difference and Health Requirement - What is the process? in Visa Chat Posted April 15, 2017 3 hours ago, VERYSTORMY said: The health side shouldn't be an issue if there is no short or long term actual issue. The Australian government gets concerned if people have conditions which will cost the health system money. Pas pointed out, if you want to make this a long term move, then yes, you should apply for permanent residence as soon as possible as the sponsored visa is probably a 457. This is a temporary visa for up to four years. It comes with a significant number of issues. These include: There is no automatic path to permanent residence and it is not possible to apply for citizenship from one Many states charge holders for education The visa is tied to the employer, so if she were to lose her job for any reason, she would have 60 days to find another employer willing and able to sponsor or you all have to leave the country. The partners of 457 holders can find it difficult to get jobs there is no access to any state benefits. As for citizenship and an Australian passport, you need to hold a visa for 4 years with a minimum of one of those years as a permanent resident before you can apply. Once you are eligible to apply, the process takes 6 to 12 months. Thank you - I knew it took min 4 years before applying but didn't know if you could apply from a 457 - seems skilled visa is the way to go.