I know this has been posted before but i find this one a lot easy to understand.........
It has been announced that the Australian Government will be implementing a number of measures to ensure that the Skilled Migration Program is driven by the needs of industry and targets skills in critical need across a number of sectors in the country.
These new measures will apply from 1 January 2009 to all existing and future applications and include the following:
1. Giving first priority to employer-sponsored permanent migration visas, where skilled migrants are nominated by employers for jobs that cannot be filled locally;
2. Providing State and Territory Governments greater scope to address the critical skill needs in their jurisdiction reflecting their different economies and skills requirements across States and Territories;
3. Giving priority to applicants without a sponsor where they have an occupation on a list of skills in critical shortage.
A very important change involves the introduction of a new Critical Skills List (CSL) and a reorganisation of priority processing for both permanent and temporary applications. We have included the Critical Skills List below for your reference. The direction gives priority processing to permanent applications in the following order:
employer sponsorship, state or territory sponsorship, an occupation on the CSL,an occupation on the MODL
- all other applications.
Priority processing for provisional applications will be in the following order:
- state or territory sponsorship
- family sponsorship where the applicant’s occupation is listed on the CSL
- all other applications.
The following occupations are currently on the CSL:
Name of Occupation
Accountant - where the applicant has achieved a score of at least IELTS 7 in each of the four competencies, and/or has completed The Professional Year – Skilled Migration Internship Program Accounting (SMIPA)
Computing Professionals - where the applicant's specialisation is listed on the Migration on Demand List (MODL)
Emergency Medicine Specialist
Engineer - Chemical
Engineer - Civil
Engineer - Electrical
Engineer - Electronics
Engineer - Mechanical
Engineer - Mining
Engineer - Production or Plant Engineer
General Medical Practitioner
Medical Diagnostic Radiographer
Obstetrician & Gynaecologist
Registered Mental Health Nurse
Secondary School Teacher
Specialist Medical Practitioners (nec)
Urban & Regional Planner
Aircraft Maintenance Engineer - Avionics
Aircraft Maintenance Engineer - Mechanical
Carpenter and Joiner (Various)
Electrician (Special Class)
Electronic Equipment Trades
Metal Fabricator, Boilermaker
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Mechanic
Wall and Floor Tiler
Employer-Sponsored Permanent Migration Applications
Under the new system, employer-sponsored permanent migration applications will receive the highest level of priority processing. These would include the Employer Nomination Scheme (121/856) and Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (119/857) Subclasses. Given that processing currently takes up to a year under these subclasses, we can expect this to improve significantly in line with the recent announcement.
The Minister has noted that visa grants under the Business (Long Stay) Visa (457) Subclass have increased dramatically over the last four years due to the growing demand for skills by the industry.
Given the large numbers of Subclass 457 visa holders in Australia, the Government will be encouraging employers to permanently sponsor those workers in occupations whose skills cannot be met by local labour.
It has been indicated that the Government may be planning an easier route to permanent residence for Subclass 457 visa holders; however, this is yet to be clarified.
State/Territory Sponsored Permanent and Provisional Migration Applications
State/Territory sponsored applicants will get the 2nd highest priority processing for permanent visas and the highest for provisional visas. These would include the Skilled Sponsored (176) Subclass and the Skilled Regional Sponsored (475) Subclass.
State and Territory Governments can sponsor individuals, where they have skills that are needed in their jurisdiction. As with employer-sponsored skilled visas, State and Territory Government-sponsored visas are driven by the demands of industry for particular skills.
Under current arrangements, state and territory governments can only sponsor certain occupations that are in shortage in their jurisdiction. Under the new system, state and territory governments have been offered a quote of 500 places in this migration year beyond their existing lists of eligible occupations. It can be inferred that each application with an occupation that is not on that particular state’s list will be assessed individually and there can be no guarantee of success.
Critical Skills List (CSL)
As noted above, a new Critical Skills List (CSL) has been developed by the Australian government. It is focused on medical and key IT professionals, engineers and construction trades. It is expected that the CSL will be more responsive than the Migration Occupations in Demand List (MODL) in identifying and prioritising applications for skills in critical shortage. The Critical Skills List will be reviewed regularly, in consultation with the States and Territories, industry and unions to ensure that it remains valid and current in the changing circumstances.
This list is not intended to replace the Migration Occupations in Demand List (MODL) and allocation of bonus points will continue to be based on an occupation being included on MODL.
It is worthwhile noting that there is a significant level of overlap between the two lists. However, there are also divergences. For instance, the occupations of Production or Plant Engineer, Secondary School Teacher and Urban and Regional Planner are included on the CSL but not on MODL.
In contrast, certain occupations on MODL including but not limited to Engineering Managers, Architects, Chefs, Bakers, Cooks, Floor Finishers, Hairdressers, Painters and Decorators, Panel Beaters, Roof Slater and Tilers and Welders are not on the CSL. In fact, approximately half of the trades occupations on MODL do not feature on the CSL.
With the exception of Architects, Dental Specialists, Dermatologists, External Auditors, Optometrists and Petroleum Engineers, all of the professional occupations that are on MODL are also listed on the CSL
It should be noted that accountants have been included on the CSL but only those who meet the new requirements will be given priority. Under the new arrangements only accountants who have Proficient English (a score of 7 in IELTS) or have completed a registered professional year program will be given priority.
Migration Occupations in Demand List (MODL)
No change to the MODL has been announced at this point. However, it has been noted that a review is underway and a revised MODL should be expected in early 2009 to ensure that it is responsive to the skill needs of the economy and reflects the skills that should be targeted through the Skilled Migration Program.
In the meantime, applications made nominating an occupation on MODL will continue to be able to claim 15 points provided that the applicant has at least 12 months of work experience in that occupation in the last 48 months.
However, these applications will no longer get first priority but will instead be processed after employer-sponsored and state-sponsored applications as well as applications with a CSL occupation.